Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite communication offers several benefits, making it an attractive option for various applications. Three key advantages are:
LEO satellites operate at altitudes ranging from approximately 160 to 2,000 kilometres above the Earth’s surface. This proximity results in lower signal travel times, reducing latency compared to satellites in higher orbits. Low latency is crucial for real-time communication applications, such as voice and video calls, online gaming, and other interactive services. This makes LEO satellites particularly suitable for applications where low delay is essential, improving the overall user experience.
High Data Transfer Rates:
LEO satellites can provide high data transfer rates due to their proximity to Earth. Shorter distances mean stronger signal strength and less signal attenuation, allowing for more efficient data transmission. This characteristic is especially beneficial for broadband internet services delivered via satellite, as it enables faster download and upload speeds. High data transfer rates are essential for applications such as streaming high-definition video, large file transfers, and other bandwidth-intensive activities.
Global Coverage and Flexibility:
A network of LEO satellites can provide global coverage, ensuring that communication services are available across the entire Earth’s surface. The orbital characteristics of LEO satellites also allow for better coverage of polar regions, which may be challenging for satellites in higher orbits. Additionally, the relatively short orbital periods of LEO satellites contribute to their flexibility in terms of repositioning and reconfiguring the network quickly. This flexibility is advantageous for adapting to changing communication demands, ensuring optimal performance and reliability.